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Scientists say vaping is less addictive than smoking or other NRTs

Switching to vaping is a highly effective way to quit smoking, but many veteran vapers might be surprised to learn that they vape far less often than they used to smoke.  Do you vape as soon as you get out of bed in the morning?  How many times per day do you reach for your vape mod?  Do you vape the same amount even when you are sick in bed with the flu?  Now compare those vaping rates to your previous cigarette intake.  Which one is higher?

Taking the Fagerström Test only takes a few minutes.  It consists of six easy questions, and each response is given a numerical value.  If the total combined number exceeds a certain amount, then “your level of dependence is high.”  CLICK HERE to take the test.  Answer the questions based on your current vaping lifestyle, and then take the test a second time based on your prior cigarette consumption. 

The Etter- Eissenberg vaping study

A team of French addiction specialists has used the Fagerström Test as a tool in a recent vaping study focusing on the addiction levels of vaping compared to smoking and other nicotine replacement therapies like nicotine gums.  Co-author Jean-Francois Etter is from the University of Geneva in Switzerland, and Thomas Eissenberg is from the Virginia Commonwealth University in Richmond.  What the scientists discovered is that vapers are far less addicted to their e-cigs than either smokers or users of nicotine gums.

“Dependence ratings were slightly higher in users of nicotine-containing e-cigarettes than in users of nicotine-free e-cigarettes. In former smokers, long-term (>3 months) users of e-cigarettes were less dependent on e-cigarettes than long-term users of the nicotine gum were dependent on the gum. There were few differences in dependence ratings between short-term (≤3 months) users of gums or e-cigarettes. Dependence on e-cigarettes was generally lower in dual users than dependence on tobacco cigarettes in the two other samples of daily smokers.”
“Some e-cigarette users were dependent on nicotine-containing e-cigarettes, but these products were less addictive than tobacco cigarettes. E-cigarettes may be as or less addictive than nicotine gums, which themselves are not very addictive.”

The Etter- Eissenberg study is entitled Dependence levels in users of electronic cigarettes, nicotine gums and tobacco cigarettes.  The findings can be located on the Drug and Alcohol Dependence website.  The researchers began by asking hundreds of participants to take part in the survey, including vapers, smokers, gum chewers, dual users, and even vapers of zero-nicotine vape juices.

  • 766 daily vapers of nicotine-enhanced e-liquids
  • 30 daily vapers of zero-nicotine e-liquids
  • 911 former smokers who switched to daily vaping
  • 451 former smokers who used nicotine hums to control cravings
  • 125 dial users of vaping devices and smoking of cigarettes
  • An unnamed quantity of daily smokers who did not vape or use other forms of NRTs
  • 2206 participants completed the Fagerström Test online
  • 292 participants completed the Fagerström Test via standard mail

The findings show that daily vapers of greater than three months are far less addicted to their vaping devices than smokers trying to quit through the use of nicotine gums.  Meanwhile, the addiction levels of the gum chewers remained fairly constant even after months of continued use.  However, the vapers tended to vape less over time, too. 

The study also indicates that users of nicotine-enhanced e-liquids are slightly more addicted than their zero-nicotine-using counterparts.  In short, the research confirms that vapers tend to vape less the longer they stay off tobacco cigarettes, and e-cigs are far less addictive than either nicotine gums or smoking overall.

Related Article:  VAPING STUDY: FDA SHOULD REGULATE CHEMICALS NOT NICOTINE IN CIGARETTES

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